1. When did the agency begin?
~The Public Works Administration was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act on June 16, 1933.
2. When did it end?
~The Public Works Administration became irrelevant and was abolished in June 1941.
3. What did it do?
~The Public Works Administration budgeted several billion dollars to be spent on the construction of public works. It provided employment, stabilizing purchasing power, improving public welfare, and contributing to a revival of American industry. France Perkins first suggested a federally financed public works program which received support from Harold Ickes, James Farley, and Henry Wallace. The Public Works Administration program encouraged economic growth more than any other New Deal program.
4. Were there any laws, buildings, or specific issues of progress that the program helped create or aid?
~Between July 1933 and March 1939, the Public works Administration funded the construction of more then 34,000 projects. This included airports, electricity-generating, dams, and aircraft carriers. Seventy percent of the new schools and one-third of the hospitals were built during the time. It also electrified the Pennsylvania Railroad between New York and Washington D.C. Its one big failure was in quality, affordable housing, building only 25,000 units in four and one half years. Streets and highways were the most common Public Works Administration projects, though. There was 11,428 road projects which was thirty-three percent of all Public Works Administration. The agency also made grants, for a brief time, to the railroads. Public Works Administration provided funds for the Indian Division of the CCC to build roads, bridges near Indian reservations.
5. Was it legal, or ruled unconstitutional and why?
~The Public Works Administration was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in May 1935. It was declared unconstitutional because the Supreme Court ruled unanimously the Schecter Poultry Corp. v. United States case which made the NIRA of
1933 unconstitutional and the Public Works Administration was under the NIRA which
also made it unconstitutional.
6. Does it still exist today and if so what role does it play in society?
~The Public Works Administration does not exist nowadays, anymore. When Franklin D. Roosevelt moved industry toward war production and abandoned his opposition to deficit spending, the Public Works Administration became irrelevant and was abolished in June 1941.
7. Who was in charge/what agency was it part of?
~The Public Works Administration was headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold C. Ickes.